José de San Martín
Argentine soldier, statesman, and national hero José de San Martín helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina, Chile and Peru.
José de San Martín who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru (1821). The boldness of his plan to attack the viceroyalty of Lima by crossing the Andes to Chile and going on by sea, as well as the patience and determination with which he executed it, was likely the decisive factor in the defeat of Spanish power in South America.
Educator, statesman, and writer who rose from a position as a rural schoolmaster to become president of Argentina (1868–74).
As president, he laid the foundation for later national progress by fostering public education, stimulating the growth of commerce and agriculture, and encouraging the development of rapid transportation and communication.
María Eva Duarte
Evita became a powerful though unofficial political leader, revered by the lower economic classes. The law change -1947— was the result of many years of struggle but it is largely attributed to a definitive push that Eva Peron gave to women’s rights. Evita told her audience:
“Here it is, my sisters, summarized in a short letter of cramped handwriting, a long history of struggles, setbacks and hopes, which is why there is frustrated anger and menacing shadows, but also the joyful possibility of a triumphant dawn; the a victory for women over the denial, misunderstanding and vested interests of the hierarchy, cast off by our national awakening.”
Army colonel who became president of Argentina and was founder and leader of the Peronist movement.
Peronism is a political phenomenon that draws support from both the political left and political right. Peronism is not considered a traditional party, but a political movement, because of the wide variety of people who call themselves Peronists, and there is great controversy surrounding his personality.
Dr. Carrillo was an Argentine neurosurgeon, neurobiologist, physician, academic, public health advocate, and from 1949 to 1954 the nation's first Minister of Health.
As Health Minister Carrillo prioritized the development of preventive medicine, the hospitals' running organization, and concepts such as regulative centralization and executive decentralization
Carrillo was ultimately recognized as the architect of Argentina's modern national health system.
In the field of health, scientific achievements are only useful when they reach the whole population."
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
The Nobel Peace Prize 1936
Role: Foreign Minister, Mediator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia, President of the Assembly of the League of Nations.
He also won praise for his work on South America's anti-war pact, which by 1936 had been signed by 31 states altogether.
The pact promoted the principle under international law of condemning all wars of aggression.
The doctor is best known for inventing heart bypass surgery
Dr. Favaloro began to consider the possibility of using the saphenous vein in coronary surgery.
The basic principle was to bypass a diseased (obstructed) segment in a coronary artery in order to deliver blood flow distally. The standardization of this technique, called coronary artery bypass surgery, was the fundamental work of his career, and ensured that his prestige would transcend the limits of his country, as the procedure radically changed the treatment of coronary disease.
The Nobel Peace Prize 1980
Role: Architect, Human rights leader,
Pérez Esquivel became known as a human rights activist and opponent of all violence. In 1977 he was arrested, imprisoned and tortured by the Argentina's military rulers. He was only released after 14 months, when the pressure from his friends became too great.
In 1980 the Norwegian Nobel Committee emphasized that Esquivel through his courageous nonviolent struggle had lit a light in the darkness of Argentina's violence. His work was an inspiration to oppressed people all over the world.
Maradona is an Argentinean soccer legend who is widely regarded as one of the best players of all time. Maradona led club teams to championships in Argentina, Italy and Spain, and famously starred for the Argentinean team that won the 1986 World Cup.
In addition to his creative abilities, he was also possessed an eye for goal and was known to be a free kick specialist. A precocious talent, Maradona was given the nickname "El Pibe de Oro" ("The Golden Boy"), a name that stuck with him throughout his career.
Leo Messi holds the records for most goals, he has scored over 700 senior career goals for club and country.
Often considered the best player in the world and widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time, Messi has won a record six Ballon d'Or awards,[note 2] and a record six European Golden Shoes.
One of the most famous athletes in the world. He was the world's highest-paid footballer. Messi was among Time's 100 most influential people in the world in 2011 and 2012.