For a 90-day extension on your tourist visa, and visit Córdoba’ immigration office Dirección Nacional de Migraciones. Another option if you’re staying more than three months is to cross into Colonia or Montevideo (both in Uruguay; Colonia can be an easy day trip), Iguazú (Brazil) or into Chile for a day or two before your visa expires, then return with a new 90-day visa. However, this only works if you don’t need a visa to enter the other country.
ENTRY & EXIT FORMALITIES
Entering Argentina is straightforward; immigration officials at airports are generally quick to the point, while those at border crossings may take more time scrutinizing your passport. Argentine officials are generally courteous and reasonable toward tourists. Electronic items, including laptops, cameras and cell (mobile) phones, can be brought into the country duty free, provided they are not intended for resale. If you have a lot of electronic equipment, however, it may be useful to have a typed list of the items you are carrying (including serial numbers) or a pile of purchase receipts.
If you’re entering Argentina from a neighboring country, officials focus on different things. Travelers southbound from the central Andean countries may be searched for drugs, while those from bordering countries will have fruits and vegetables confiscated. Carrying illegal drugs will pretty much get you into trouble no matter which country you’re coming from.
Approximate internal flying times:
Buenos Aires to Córdoba= 1hrs 20mins (Córdoba airport names: Pajas Blancas or Ing. Ambrosio Taravella)
Buenos Aires to Calafate = 3hrs 30 mins
Buenos Aires to Ushuaia = 4 hrs
Buenos Aires to Salta = 2hrs 15mins
Buenos Aires to Iguazu = 1hr 45mins
Buenos Aires to Mendoza = 1hr 50 mins
Argentina has direct flights between North America, the UK, Europe, Australia and South Africa, and from nearly all South American countries. You can also fly to a neighboring country, such as Brazil or Chile, and continue overland to Argentina. Most international flights arrive at Buenos Aires’ Aeropuerto Internacional Ministro Pistarini, which is a 40- to 60-minute shuttle bus or taxi ride out of town (35km. Close to downtown Buenos Aires is Aeroparque Internacional Jorge Newbery, which handles mostly domestic flights but also a few international ones from neighboring countries. There are several other international airports around Argentina. Basic information on most Argentine airports can be found online at Aeropuertos Argentina 2000. Aerolíneas Argentinas is the national carrier and has a decent international reputation.
TRAVEL BY BUS
By far the most common and straightforward method of transport in Argentina is the bus (omnibus, bus or micro). There are hundreds of private companies, most of which concentrate on one particular region.
Córdoba to Buenos Aires: 10 hours ride
Córdoba to Mendoza:10 hours ride
Córdoba to Salta:12 hours ride
Córdoba to Iguazú: 20 hours ride
If you’re doing any serious traveling around Argentina, you’ll become very familiar with the country’s excellent bus network, which reaches almost everywhere. Long-distance buses (known as micros) are fast, surprisingly comfortable and can be a rather luxurious experience. It’s the way most Argentines get around. Larger luggage is stowed in the hold below, security is generally good (especially on the 1st-class buses) and attendants tag your bags. If you have a long way to go – say, Buenos Aires to Mendoza – overnight buses are the way to go, saving you a night’s accommodations and leaving you with the daylight hours for fun. Most cities and towns have a central bus terminal where each company has its own ticket window. Some companies post schedules prominently, and the ticket price and departure time is always on the ticket you buy. Expect restrooms, left luggage, fast-food stalls, kiosks and newspaper vendors inside or near almost every large terminal. In tourist destination cities they’ll often have a tourist information office. There are generally few if any hotel touts or other traveler-hassling types at terminals; El Calafate is one notable exception.
Classes & Costs
Most bus lines have modern coaches with spacious, comfortable seats, large windows, air-conditioning, TVs, toilets (though don’t expect luxury here – and bring toilet paper) and sometimes an attendant serving coffee and snacks. On overnight trips it’s well worth the extra pesos to go coche cama (sleeper class), though the cheaper semi-cama (semisleeper) is definitely manageable. In coche cama seats are wider, recline almost flat and are far more comfortable. For even more luxury there’s ejecutivo (executive) which is available on a few popular runs. If pinching pesos, común (common) is the cheapest class. For trips less than about five hours, there’s usually no choice and buses are común or semi-cama, which are both usually just fine. Bus fares vary widely depending on season, class and company. Patagonia runs tend to be the most expensive. Many companies accept credit cards.
Often you don’t need to buy bus tickets beforehand unless you’re traveling on a Friday between major cities, when overnight coche cama services sell out fast. During holiday stretches, such as late December through February, July and August, tickets sell quickly so buy ahead of time. As soon as you arrive somewhere, especially if it’s a town with limited services, find out which companies go to your next destination and when, and plan your trip.
When the bus terminal is on the outskirts of a big town or city, there are often downtown agencies selling tickets without commission.
TRANSFERS: TAXI & REMISE
There are two main types of taxi in Argentina: regular urban taxis that you can flag down in the street; and remises, or minicab radio taxis, that you must book by phone or at their central booking booth. Urban taxis are fitted with meters – make sure they use them – and each municipality has its own rates. Remises operate with rates fixed according to the destination and are less expensive than taxis for out-of-town and long-distance trips. Often, it makes more sense to hire a remise for a day than to rent your own car: it can be more economical, you save yourself the hassle of driving and you’ll normally get the sights pointed out for you along the way.
The people of Córdoba make frequent use of taxis or remises (green cars), which are digitally metered and cheap by US and European standards. Always pay with change (bills of 10, 20 or 50 pesos) Usually a trip from the airport to downtown cost about USD 20/25- And a trip around the city costs and average of 5 to 6 USD. Local or City Argentine buses are called colectivos, the cost of one way trip is 0,70 cents of US Dollars.
ARRIVAL PROCEDURE IN CORDOBA
Participant fly into Cordoba airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Ingeniero Ambrosio Taravella or Pajas Blancas) which is about 40 minutes drive away from our office. Participant will be met at the airport by a member of our local staff who will usually take to the host family's house/Residency, which is usually not too far from our office. Participant will be given a thorough induction pack with brochures, cell phone, bus card, maps of where you live.
ORIENTATION AND INTRODUCTION
Usually on the following day. Participant will be shown around the local area, and the local transport system. There are frequent buses as well as taxis. The following day participant will be taken to work and introduced to the tutor or supervisor, most volunteers take a local bus to get to work; please note that the participant will need to cover the cost of the bus, which on average should be less than U$S 1,5 per day.
Argentina is the world’s eighth-largest country by area, though with a population of just over 41 million – one-third of whom live in Greater Buenos Aires – it is one of the least densely populated countries on the planet. Some 97 percent of Argentines are of European origin, largely of Italian or Spanish descent. Most citizens are nominally Catholic, but less than 17 % practicing. Although abortion is still restricted, Argentina has some of the world’s most progressive laws on matters like same-sex marriage and death with dignity. White (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Americans), Americans, or other non-white groups 3%
When greeting people or taking your leave, it is normal to kiss everyone present on the cheek (just once, always the right cheek), even among men. Shaking hands tends to be the preserve of conservative businessmen or very formal situations; if in doubt, watch the locals.
DRINKING AND SMOKING - DRINKAWERE
Argentine attitudes to drinking tend to be similar to those in southern Europe: alcohol is fine in moderation, and usually taken with food. Public drunkenness remains rare and frowned upon, though it occurs more frequently among the young than it used to. Smoking is fairly common among both sexes and all classes, although it is illegal to smoke in enclosed public areas throughout the country. it's illegal to walk down the street drinking a beer or any Alcoholic Beverages in Córdoba and in many other places in Argentina.
Living with local students, working people or host families.
Accommodation in a furnished single room of a house or flat Participant will live with students, professionals, host families or simply Argentines who let out rooms in their house.
It is common that these types of accommodation mix at times, e.g. if a mother lives with two daughters who are university students or if a student is working in order to pay for his/her studies. While choosing your accommodation, we pay special attention that all accommodations have good public transport connection and also take care of possible restrictions (e.g. regarding smoking or pets.
Ideal for those who want to feel at home while practicing their Spanish. Must attend all the homestay rules. Hot shower are available in all homestay.
Most towns and cities have a plentiful supply of laundries (lavanderías or lavaderos), especially since not everyone has a washing machine. Some also do dry-cleaning, though you may have to go to a tintorería. Laundry is either charged by weight or itemized, but rates are not excessive, especially compared with the high prices charged by most hotels. Furthermore, the quality is good and the service is usually reliable.
Shared bedroom, shared bathroom, common use kitchen, laundry room and TV lounge. No timetable restrictions. No meals included. Ideal for young independent people looking for new friends. Hot shower are available in all homestay.
Public toilets in Argentina are better than in most of South America. For the truly squeamish, the better restaurants and cafes are good alternatives. Large shopping malls often have public bathrooms, as do international fast-food chains. Some may find bidets a novelty; they are those strange shallow, ceramic bowls with knobs and a drain, often accompanying toilets in hotel bathrooms. They are meant for between-shower cleanings of nether regions. Turn knobs slowly, or you may end up spraying yourself or the ceiling.
ELECTRICITY - INTERNET
All accommodation has internet access and electricity. The electrical current in Argentina is 220V and the cycle is 50 Hz. Two different types of sockets are found: increasingly rare two-pronged with round pins, but which are different to the two-pin European plugs; and three-pronged, with flat pins, two of which are slanted (Australian adaptors usually work ok with these). Electrical shops sell adaptors if you haven’t brought one with you.
Many cafes and restaurants offer free Wi-Fi with an advertisement in their windows. All you need to do is buy a coffee and ask for the password.
Tap water in Argentina is safe to drink, sometimes heavily chlorinated.
Participants will find most of the things that they need from shops to internet cafes in the town. Although most of the local people will not speak any English.
HEALTH AND INSURANCE
All of our volunteers must be covered by a comprehensive medical and travel insurance. This includes repatriation for certain cases. If a participant falls ill, our staff we will be on hand to assist with hospital arrangements and insurance liaison, and will, of course, make sure that the patient is comfortable.
Breakfast, or desayuno, is the most underplayed meal of the day in Argentina. It usually consists of a medialuna, Spanish for croissant, cup of coffee, tea or mate, dulce de leche, a caramel-like substance comprised of cream that has been thickened, sweetened and boiled. Argentinean Breakfast does not include cereal, eggs, fruits, bacon, pancakes.
Sandwiches, pastas, meats and salads make up the typical Argentine lunch or almuerzo. El Lomito, a thinly-sliced steak in a bun, or El Sandwich de Miga, comprised of white bread and filled with eggs, cheese, ham and mayonnaise are typical Argentine sandwiches. The Milanesa sandwich, consisting of baked, breaded chicken, provides an option for those who do not eat red meat.
Merienda, the late afternoon snack (5 pm to 7 pm), is a tradition that dates back to the early 19th century, when the British first arrived in Argentina. It is one of the most important meals of the day for two reasons: 1) The Argentineans usually do not eat dinner until about 10:00 p.m. 2) The confiterias or cafes of Argentina play an essential role in the social, political and intellectual structure of the country. Some merienda meals represent an attempt at nutritional value, and might include a salad or a sandwich. Also could include an alfajor, a desert comprised of two shortbread cookies stuffed with dulce de leche and rolled in a choice of shaved coconut, chocolate or both.
Despite its late hour (9/10/11 pm), cena, or Argentine dinner, is often a leisurely affair that drags on for 1 or more hours. Could include Pasta, meat, Pizza, empanadas. In general Argentineans do not eat a los of vegetables, cereal and fruits.
Tipping is not widespread in Argentina, with a couple of exceptions.
In restaurants and cafes it’s customary to tip about 10% of the bill for decent service. An interesting note: when your server is taking your bill with payment away, saying ‘gracias’ usually implies that the server should keep the change as a tip. If you want change back, don’t say ‘gracias’ – say ‘cambio, por favor’ instead. Note that tips can’t be added to credit-card bills, so carry cash for this purpose. Also note that the cubierto that some restaurants charge is not a tip; it's a sort of 'cover charge' for the use of utensils and bread.
Bartenders: they don’t expect a tip.
Bus porters: a small bill
Delivery persons: they don’t expect a tip.
Hotel cleaning staff: they don’t expect a tip
Hotel porter: a small bill
Fine Restaurant servers: 10% for fine restaurants with great service
Taxi drivers: no tip
Euros, Dollars or any other foreigner currency can not be obtained through the automated teller machines (ATM) or any Bank. In order to receive dollars/euro for pesos, the official agencies require a receipt from an Argentinean bank (for the amount of pesos), an official form of identification, and a copy of the individual's ATM/bank card. It is highly recommended to bring cash. Damaged, written bills, $ 20 US are very undesirable and may be declined. The Argentine unit of currency is the peso (AR$). In one word: Carrying cash and an ATM card is the way to go in Argentina.
Notes come in 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1.000 and 2.000 denominations, 5, 10, 25, 50 cents and 1, 2, 5, 10 coins are in circulation. Sometimes people are loath to give change, as coins can be in short supply, so it’s a good idea to have plenty of loose change on your person.
Most shops and services are open Monday to Friday 9am to 6 pm, and Saturday 9 am to 1pm. Outside the capital, they may close at some point during the afternoon for between one and five hours. As a rule, the further north you go, the longer the siesta – often offset by later closing times in the evening. Supermarkets seldom close during the day and are generally open much later, often until 8:30 or even 10pm, and on Saturday afternoons. Large shopping malls don’t close before 10pm and their food and drink sections (patios de comida) may stay open as late as midnight. Many of them open on Sundays too. Casas de cambio more or less follow shop hours. However, banks tend to open only on weekdays: Banks open as early as 8:30am, but close by noon or 1:30pm.
Argentina cannot really be described as a cheap destination, and with inflation unofficially estimated at around thirty percent it’s getting rapidly more expensive all the time Activities, meals, tours, transportation, services here are generally more expensive than in other South American countries. Meal prices for even a cheap restaurant will begin at around $ 10 USD. But the quality of what is on offer is mostly pretty good, and outside Córdoba and the main tourist destinations you can find real bargains in shops and hotels.
In Argentina there are currently no vaccination requirements for international travelers.
Visiting Argentina doesn't raise any major health worries. Tap water in Argentina is safe to drink. Hospitals are free. They won´t charge you for any treatment, but it is customary to offer a contribution, if you have the means. Make sure you are up-to-date on routine vaccines before every trip. These vaccines include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot. Argentina is a modern country with good health and dental services. Sanitation and hygiene at restaurants is relatively high, and tap water is generally safe to drink throughout the country
A signed and dated note from your doctor, describing your medical conditions and medications (with their generic or scientific names) is a good idea. It’s also a good idea to bring medications in their clearly labeled, original containers. Most pharmacies in Argentina are well supplied.
Córdoba is a safe city with a huge college student population but it is good to know this: Tourists in Argentina usually realize that they need to be careful, but when you’re having fun it’s easy to forget to pay attention. When possible, try not to look like a foreigner. Obviously this is not always the easiest thing for a foreigner to do, but there are certain steps you can take. The good news is that Argentina is unlike many other countries in South America, in that the population is a bit of a melting pot. This means that if you are tall, blonde and blue eyed, you could still pass as a local here. Look at what the locals are wearing and try to imitate them to a certain extent. Carry as few valuables with you as possible, and pay attention! If you only have one small bag with your camera, money and credit cards hold it close to your body when walking, hugged to your belly while on crowded public transport, and on your lap or looped around the chair when you are sitting in a cafe or restaurant. Take care when using cameras or cell phones — it’s not unheard of for people to have them snatched out of their hands in the middle of the street by someone running past, or riding by on a bike or motorcycle.
DANGERS & ANNOYANCES
For tourists, Argentina is one of the safest countries in Latin America. This isn’t to say you should skip down the street drunk with your money belt strapped to your head, but with a little common sense you can visit Argentina’s big cities as safely as you could London, Paris or New York.
The economic crisis of 1999–2001 plunged a lot of people into poverty, and street crime (pickpocketing, bag-snatching and armed robbery) has subsequently risen, especially in Buenos Aires. Here, be especially watchful for pickpockets on crowded buses, on the Subte and at busy ferias (street markets). Still, most people feel perfectly safe in the big cities. In the small towns of the provinces you’d have to search for a crook to rob you. Bus terminals are common places where tourists become separated from their possessions. For the most part bus terminals are safe, as they’re usually full of families traveling and saying goodbyes, but they can also be prime grounds for bag-snatchers. Always keep an eagle eye on your goods. This is especially true in Buenos Aires’ Retiro station.
At sidewalk cafe or restaurant tables, always have your bag close to you, preferably touching your body. You can also place the strap around your leg or tied around the furniture. Be careful showing off expensive electronics like laptops, iPods or iPads. Other places to be wary are tourist destinations and on crowded public transportation.
Being a woman traveling in America can sometimes be a challenge, especially if you are young, alone and/or maintaining an inflexible liberal attitude. In some ways Argentina is a safer place for a woman than Europe, the United States and most other Latin American countries. Some males feel the need to comment on a woman’s attractiveness. This often happens when the woman is alone and walking by on the street; it occasionally happens to two or more women walking together, but never to a heterosexual couple. Verbal comments include crude language, hisses, whistles and piropos (flirtatious comments), which are often vulgar – although some can be eloquent. The best thing to do is completely ignore the comments. After all, many Argentine women enjoy getting these ‘compliments’ and most men don’t necessarily mean to be insulting.
GAY & LESBIAN TRAVELLERS
Argentina has become increasingly gay-friendly over recent years. Argentina is one of the world’s top gay destinations. The capital is home to South America’s largest annual gay pride parade and in 2002 became the first Latin American city to legalize same-sex civil unions; in July 2010 Argentina became the first Latin American country to legalize same-sex marriage.
Homophobia rarely takes the form of physical violence, however, and gay people regularly travel throughout the country to return home with nothing but praise. When it comes to public affection, Argentine men are more physically demonstrative than their North American and European counterparts. Behaviors such as kissing on the cheek in greeting or a vigorous embrace are innocuous even to those who express unease with homosexuality.
Being a pedestrian in Argentina is perhaps one of the country’s more-difficult ventures. Many Argentine drivers jump the gun when the traffic signal is about to change to green, drive extremely fast and change lanes unpredictably. Even though pedestrians at corners and crosswalks have legal right of way, very few drivers respect this and will hardly slow down when you are crossing. Be especially careful of buses, which can be reckless and, because of their large size, particularly dangerous.
Note that buying a smart phone, and especially an iPhone, is extremely expensive in Argentina due to import restrictions – and they are not widely available. If you do bring your smart phone, don’t flash it around unnecessarily or leave it unprotected somewhere. This goes for tablet computers and laptop computers, too.
The police is generally helpful and courteous to tourists. Police can demand identification at any moment and for whatever reason, though it's unlikely to happen. Always carry a copy of your passport, and – most importantly – always be courteous and cooperative. Drugs and most other substances that are illegal in the USA and many European countries are also illegal here, though marijuana has been somewhat decriminalized in Argentina (and is legal in Uruguay). If arrested, you have the constitutional right to a lawyer, a telephone call and to remain silent (beyond giving your name, nationality, age and passport number). Don’t sign anything until you speak to a lawyer. If you don’t speak Spanish, a translator should be provided for you.
There are numerous border crossings from neighboring Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay; the following lists are only the principal crossings. Generally, border formalities are straightforward as long as all your documents are in order.
La Quiaca to Villazón Many buses go from Jujuy and Salta to La Quiaca, where you must walk across a bridge to the Bolivian border. Aguas Blancas to Bermejo From Orán, reached by bus from Salta or Jujuy, take a bus to Aguas Blancas and then Bermejo, where you can catch a bus to Tarija. Salvador Mazza (Pocitos) to Yacuiba Buses from Jujuy or Salta go to Salvador Mazza at the Bolivian border, where you cross and grab a shared taxi to Yacuiba.
The most common crossing is from Puerto Iguazú to Foz do Iguaçu. Check both cities for more information on the peculiarities of this border crossing, especially if you’re crossing the border into Brazil only to see the other side of Iguazú Falls. There is also a border crossing from Paso de los Libres to Uruguaiana (Brazil).
There are numerous crossings between Argentina and Chile. Except in far southern Patagonia, every land crossing involves crossing the Andes. Due to weather, some high-altitude passes close in winter; even the busy Mendoza–Santiago route over RN7 can close for several days (sometimes longer) during a severe storm. Always check road conditions, especially if you have a flight scheduled on the other side of the mountains. The following are the most commonly used crossings: Bariloche to Puerto Montt This border crossing over the Andes to Chile is usually no fuss; an optional ‘tour’ is the famous, scenic 12-hour bus-boat combination. It takes two days in winter.
El Calafate to Puerto Natales and Parque Nacional Torres del Paine Probably the most beaten route down here, heading from the Glaciar Perito Moreno (near El Calafate) to Parque Nacional Torres del Paine (near Puerto Natales). Several buses per day in summer; one to two daily in the off-season.
Los Antiguos to Chile Chico Those entering Argentina from Chile can access the rugged RN40 from here and head down to El Chaltén and El Calafate. Best in summer, when there’s actually public transport available.
Mendoza to Santiago The most popular crossing between the two countries, passing 6.962m Aconcagua en route.
Salta to San Pedro de Atacama (via Jujuy, Purmamarca and Susques) A 10-hour bus ride through the altiplano with stunningly beautiful scenery.
Ushuaia to Punta Arenas Daily buses in summer, fewer in winter, on this 10- to 12-hour trip (depending on weather conditions), which includes a ferry crossing at either Porvenir or Punta Delgada/Primera Angostura.
Is that a Banana in Your Backpack?
You’ve been warned: don’t bring any fresh produce, dairy products or meat when crossing from Argentina into Chile (either overland or by air). There will likely be an inspection of all baggage at the border or airport, possibly with cute Chilean sniffer dogs, and if you’re found with any ‘contraband’ you could be fined up to US$300. Even dried or dehydrated food – and especially trail mix – might not be allowed.
So finish up that sandwich (quickly) and bring some water to help with all that the chewing. Don’t expect such a thorough check when crossing back, however – good or bad, Argentina doesn’t seem to care nearly as much about inspecting fruit-munching travelers.
Uruguay & Paraguay
There are two direct border crossings between Argentina and Paraguay: Clorinda to Asunción, and Posadas to Encarnación. From Puerto Iguazú, Argentina, you can also cross through Brazil into Ciudad del Este, Paraguay.
Border crossings from Argentine cities to Uruguayan cities include Gualeguaychú to Fray Bentos; Colón to Paysandú; and Concordia to Salto. All involve crossing bridges. Buses from Buenos Aires to Montevideo and other waterfront cities, however, are slower and less convenient than the ferries (or ferry-bus combinations) across the Río de la Plata.
Travelers can bus to Argentina from most bordering countries. Buses are usually comfortable, modern and fairly clean. Crossing over does not involve too many hassles; just make sure that you have any proper visas beforehand.
A new train service between Argentina and Uruguay began in September 2011, linking Pilar in Argentina with Paso de los Toros in Uruguay. It’s not currently very practical for travelers, but the hope is to eventually link Buenos Aires and Montevideo by rail.
PACKING LIST FOR ARGENTINA TRAVEL
PACK LIGHT AND IN SEASON
TRAVEL LIGHT, FOR FLEXIBILITY AND AGILITY DURING TRAVEL
Clothing: Jeans, jeans jeans! Argentinians wear jeans all year long, they are a great versatile piece that you can dress up or down
A light jacket — With such unpredictable weather you could be sweating all afternoon and freezing by nightfall! Try to dress in thin layers/Quick-dryingpants/Sundress/Leggings/Shorts/Cardigan/ Plenty of socks and under garments
Footwear: Comfortable shoes for when you walking around and exploring/ Sandals/Hiking shoes/ Flip-flops
Sunglasses/ Sunsreen/ Medicines/ Printed receipt of paid entry fee/ Credit/debit card and cash (Cash will be much better with bills of 50 or 100) Leave room in your suitcase for souvenirs for your homestay.
CLIMATE OVERVIEW IN ARGENTINA
Remember the seasons are opposite to that of the northern hemisphere—spring is September-November, summer is December-February, autumn is March-May, and winter is June-August. Argentina is a vast country with many different climate zones, be sure to check the regions weather forecast before you travel: Towards the south in the Patagonia region, it has four very distinct seasons, in the winter the weather can be extremely cold, especially near the southern tip of Argentina in Tierra del Fuego – where the glaciers can be explored and Skiing resorts.
In the mid-west toward Las Pampas—also known as Pampas Gringas the plans are typical to the four seasons. Headed slightly up north but still to the west, at the foothills of the Andes mountains, is Mendoza—wine country. The weather is moderately warm during the day and drops quite cold during the night. Up north towards the top of Argentina, is dry country. In Salta and Jujuy you will find a dry heat during the day with the temperature dropping to moderately cold at night, this region has dry winters and warm/hot summers, with really only two seasons—warm and cold.
Slightly northeast between Paraguay and Brazil is the Misiones Province, near the Iguazú Falls, this region is hot and humid year round.
In the country’s capital city, Buenos Aires, the weather is similar to a four season’s climate without the snow—it is sprinkled with rain that seems to occur every three to four days no matter the time of year.
Argentina has a heavy Italian influence; so many Argentines speak with the sing-song rhythm that Italians use. They also pronounce their “ll” as “sh” instead of the “y”. Instead of using the “tú” form you learned in school, Argentines favor the “vos” form.
TIPS & TRICKS - ETIQUETTE TIPS
Argentines are very proud of their country and culture. They are well-educated and sophisticated and like to be viewed as cosmopolitan and progressive.
Do not Change your dollars at the airport!! (only a few if you need to)
Bring physical dollars or euros to exchange (50 or 100 ) not 20
Underground exchange houses offer the best rate, Ask your hotel, school, or any friendly local for a trustworthy money changer. Ask retail stores you shop at if they accept dollars. Many retail stores will accept dollars as payment at around the blue rate.
If you are from United States: Soy Americano: Expect may to hear yo también in a snarky tone of voice a lot if you walk around saying this. Saying you’re American when you really mean you’re from the United States amounts to acting like all of South America, Central America and Canada don’t exist, so it’s a bit rude. If you’re from the United States and you want to communicate where you’re from, go with soy norteamericano. Soy de los Estados Unidos. Soy estadounidense.
“I don’t like staying out late” Bzzzt! Did you miss the fact that restaurants are empty until 9pm and quiet until 10pm? That boliches (nightclubs) don’t get going until 2am? That nothing is open before 10am on a weekday?
Anything about las Islas Malvinas: Avoid talking about Great Britain or the Falkland Islands (Las Malvinas). These are sensitive subjects to many Argentines. The Argentine government still impotently claims the Falklands territory to this day, and it really is a lot closer to Argentina than it is to the United Kingdom. There are plenty of other things to talk about, so just avoid the whole topic.
DO open your gift right away and show your gratitude
DON'T be offended by Argentine humor which can sometimes be insulting, such as poking fun at your appearance, clothing, weight, or attire. It's all in good fun
DON'T compare Argentina with the U.S., Chile or Brazil. This could be considered rude
DON'T talk about Great Britain, The Falkland Islands, or the Perons. Those are all very sensitive topics and could evoke strong reactions.
DO participate in conversations about your personal life. Argentines may begin asking you personal questions right after meeting you. By being unresponsive, it could show disinterest in the conversation and the person you are talking to
DO show up between thirty minutes late if invited to a party.
DO bring a gift for your hosts
Argentines are touchers and stand close to each other when speaking. Do not back away.
An embrace and one kiss on the cheek is common between friends and acquaintances.
Although Argentines may be very vocal about politics and religion, avoid adding your opinions to these discussions.
Argentine businesswomen are similar in status to North American businesswomen.
Most Argentines are primarily of European descent, which separates them from other Latin American countries where European and Indian cultures are more mixed. Culturally and emotionally, Argentines often seem more European than Latin American.
The family is the centre of Argentine life with extended families still having prominence.
Argentines are on the whole open, blunt, and direct, yet are able to remain tactful and diplomatic.
Argentines are a warm peoples and their unreservedness brings to the fore their passion and sentimentality.
In addition they are close communicators physically so will often touch each other when speaking and maintain little physical distance between speakers.
Maintaining eye contact indicates interest
When leaving, say good-bye to each person individually.
If invited to dinner at an Argentine's home bring a small gift for the hostess.
Do not begin eating until the hostess invites you to do so.
Always keep your hands visible when eating, but do not rest your elbows on the table.
Everything is animated, including the exaggerated greetings and farewells when everybody rises to cheek kiss and hug, including the men.
Argentines are a gregarious bunch, and they would rather sit around until 4am with friends and drink mate tea than sit in silence in front of a TV.
Famous on the rest of the continent for being arrogant and self-confident
Argentines will freely criticize the politicians they keep electing or the system they keep supporting but soon switch to the defensive if a foreigner offers a negative opinion
The usual capital and provincial rivalry exists here just as anywhere else. Perhaps in Argentina it is a little more pronounced as Buenos Aires is overpopulated and the vast countryside under populated.
Gringo is mostly used to refer to farm owners. Gringo in Argentina is used to refer the non spanish speakers european immigrants who established first agricultural colonies in the country. In the main agricultural region in Argentina the word Gringo is today commonly used to describe agricultural producers, a person who own lands for cultives or cattle production, manages and work the land with his family and / or farm laborers (a large land owner who never works its property can't be considered a Gringo). The farm life is very linked to the concept of Gringos. Usually Gringos are middle class or upper, but lower middle class are also gringos.
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